Head neck surgery and oncology
include those of the mouth, throat, sinuses/nasal cavity, , thyroid, and skull base. Some head and neck tumors are malignant, while others are benign. Malignant tumors must be treated promptly to reduce their chances of spreading (metastasizing) to other organs. Benign masses are not cancerous but can place pressure in the and or can be serious if they impact nerves and are therefore often removed surgically.