is generally referred to as Ear, Nose, and Throat (). It is the branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of a broad range of ear, nose, throat, head and neck problems. The conditions that have an effect on the senses like hearing and balance disorders or smell and taste issues are treated by . They additionally treat patients with conditions that have an effect on their voice, respiratory and swallowing in addition as those with head and neck tumors together with the skull base and interface with the brain. ENT surgeons treat individuals of all ages from new-born babies to old individuals.